Terracotta Potteries: Red Clay Artistry

Shikha Saxena
5 min readNov 28, 2023

Red Clay medium for art since Indus Civilization

Photo by Setu Chhaya on Unsplash

Terracotta refers to a type of fired clay ceramic that is brownish-red in color and often unglazed. The term “terracotta” comes from the Italian words “terra” (earth) and “cotta” (cooked). This material has been used for various purposes throughout history, ranging from pottery and sculpture to architectural elements. Terra cotta finds its mention even during Indus (Harappan) Civilization where it was the main medium for art. The techniques of this medium varied in later Mauryan times though the art form was mainly used to create goddess sculpture and figurines. Terracotta Potteries: Red Clay Artistry is changed to modern times and been adopted by different states in India as Gujrat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.

Baked Earth or Terracotta Potteries

Terracotta is commonly used for making pottery, including vessels, containers, and decorative items. Its porous nature allows it to absorb water, making it suitable for the creation of flower pots and other plant containers.

Photo by Art and Soil Bangalore on Unsplash

Fairly coarse and porous clay when fired takes different color from dull ochre to red and is left unglazed for the look.

Photo by Maria Orlova on Unsplash

Terracotta has been widely used in architecture for centuries. It can be molded into various shapes and used for decorative elements on buildings, such as tiles, friezes, and ornaments. Terracotta tiles, for example, are often used for flooring or cladding on exteriors.

Photo by Sonika Agarwal on Unsplash

Artists have utilized terracotta for sculpting statues and figurines. The material’s versatility allows for intricate detailing, and it can be fired to achieve different levels of hardness.

Terracotta is frequently used in the creation of folk art and crafts in rural…



Shikha Saxena

A Technical Writer, an artist and blogger by choice. Passionate about reading , writing and editing, NY.http://www.shikhasaxena.com and https://www.dnabox.co/